At the beginning of October, 153 new laws went into effect for the state of Nevada. Here are five changes that you should know about:
1. Tracking Cold Medicine Purchases
One of the new laws (AB39) will implement the National Precursor Log Exchange in Nevada. It is a real-time electronic tracking system that will work to stop the sale of extreme quantities of ephedrine and pseudoephedrine. Both of these are ingredients that are often in over-the-counter medicines and can be used in the production of methamphetamine. There are already laws in place that require pharmacies to keep these medications behind the counter and limit the amount that a consumer can purchase. The new multi-state tracking system will prevent people from going to a number of different pharmacies and stocking up in order to produce crystal meth.
2. Voting Rights
Citizens of Nevada who are judged as mentally ill will not automatically lose their right to vote any longer. Under a new law (AB108), a judge will need to make a specific finding stating that the person does not have the mental capacity to exercise his or her right to vote due to the lack of the ability to communicate, with or without help, a want to take part in the voting process. This law will apply to those under guardianship as well.
3. Protections for Dogs & Other Animals
Dog breeds that are branded by a public perception of being vicious are subject to new legal protections. The new law (AB110) stops a dog from being declared dangerous based solely on breed and prohibits all local governments from using ordinances to outlaw specific breeds. A second law (AB83) makes penalties for those who supply razor-sharp objects that are attached to fighting birds harsher. Those who feed big game animals will also face potential civil fines as high as $500 if they are repeats offenses under SB371. Another new law (AB264) creates harsher penalties for those who feed feral or stray livestock, and also gives the Nevada Department of Agriculture to create agreements with outside groups that will manage wild horses on land belonging to the state.
4. Red Lights
Those who ride bicycles, motorcycles and mopeds can now go through intersections on red lights in certain circumstances. The new law (AB117) will allow riders to legally go straight or turn in either direction during red lights after waiting for the traffic signal to complete two full cycles. This is because sensors at traffic signals often fail to detect the smaller vehicles.
5. Employers Can’t Ask for Credit History
It is now illegal to use an employee or potential employee’s poor credit history against them. Under the new law (SB127) an employer cannot make employment conditional based on one’s credit history and cannot require credit reports. In addition, the law gives civil remedies for those who have been aggrieved dude to poor credit scores and gives the state labor commissioner the right to file civil suits and impose administrative penalties upon employers who violate the law. Exceptions are created in the case that the employer believes the worker is committing a crime or if there is a relationship between the job duties and credit score.